The yield on the U.S. 10-year Treasury rose above 5.00% for first time since 2007, this rise having accelerated since July. As of yesterday’s close, the yield on the 10-year stood at 4.96%.
The mantra “higher-for-longer” has been ubiquitous since mid-August, reflective of a fluid macro environment. This morning the European Central Bank determined to keep its three key interest rates unchanged, given its “assessment of the medium-term inflation outlook,” which is expected to stay high for too long in the face of what it described as “strong domestic price pressures.”
Today the Bureau of Economic Analysis released its first preliminary report for U.S. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for the third-quarter. Real GDP increased at an annual rate of 4.9%, which compares to 2.1% for the second quarter. This increase, the fastest rate of growth in GDP over the last two years, was attributed to increases in consumer spending and inventory investment.
Over this past week Markit, a division of S&P Global, released its regional Flash (preliminary) Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) series for October.
The PMI series is a diffusion index indicating whether market conditions, represented by the service and manufacturing sectors, are expanding or contracting as assessed by purchasing managers. A reading less than 50 implies contraction, while a reading greater than 50 implies expansion.
Across the globe, the manufacturing series for regions outside the U.S. continued to exhibit contraction, with the Eurozone at 43.0. Japan held steady at 48.5. The surprise was within the U.S., which improved to 50.0 from September’s 49.8.
The services sector, the larger of the two sectors measured, also reflected contraction outside the U.S. The Eurozone declined month-over-month to 47.8 from September’s 48.7. Within the U.S., the service sector improved to 50.9 from 50.1 for September.