The equity rally started with credible leaks the Federal Reserve was ready to reduce the pace of rate hikes. With the S&P 500 up more than 11% from its intra‐day low, the Fed was likely going to have to deliver to keep things going.
Not only did the Fed fail reduce the pace of rate hikes, they did so in a rather dramatic way. During FOMC meeting days, there is a press release and then a 30‐minute delay prior to the press conference.
The statement noted that the FOMC was raising interest rates by the anticipated 75 basis points, taking the Federal Funds Rate to 4%. The statement added a new sentence that the Fed would consider cumulative tightening and noted the lag effects of policy.
This statement coincides with the idea of reducing the pace of rate increases. The market rallied 1% immediately following the statement.
Then Chair Powell came to the podium and could not have been more hawkish.
- He noted it was very premature to consider pausing rate hikes.
- There was no dot plot this meeting, but he specifically said if there was then the terminal rate would have moved higher.
- This is very unusual for him to comment on what his colleagues would do as he usually downplays the dot plot.
- He also made it clear he intends to err on overtightening because he believes the Fed has the tools to clean up over‐tightening, whereas they don’t if inflation runs away.
- He noted that he felt the lag of monetary policy had been reduced in recent cycles.
- While debatable, it means the Fed will keep hiking as they believe their previous hikes are already in the data.
- Powell left open the possibility of a 75‐basis point increase at the December meeting, but the market is saying 50 basis points is more likely.